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Jaw and Gum Resorption


3D image of highlighting jaw and gum in x-rayHealthy jawbone and gums are essential for your oral health. However, due to certain reasons, your gum and jaw may experience deterioration, which can lead to oral issues. At Serenity Dental, Dr. Welton is committed to helping you restore your dental health with a wide range of treatment options.

What Causes Bone and Gum Resorption?


Our jawbone maintains its quality, size, and structure through activities like chewing and biting. These activities put pressure on the jawbone and stimulate it, which helps it to develop and grow. However, if you lose a tooth, the jawbone loses its stimulus. This makes your body think the calcium in your teeth is no longer needed and it signals the osteoclasts to begin breaking down the bone at that site. Even though new bone may still be formed at the alveolar ridge – the bony ridge that holds your teeth – it does so at a much slower rate than it is being destroyed.

Hence, your jaw suffers from bone resorption. Once a tooth is removed, about 25% of the bone in that area will be restored within the first year.

Aside from tooth loss, there are other medical conditions that can lead to bone and gum resorption. Some of the most common reasons are:
•  Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a chronic and advanced disease of the gum caused by bacterial plaque. If it is not treated, it can lead to severe gum damage as well as bone loss and eventual loss of teeth.
•  Osteoporosis: This chronic disease weakens the bones in your body and the condition can also affect the jawbone making it brittle.
•  Infection: Jawbone loss may also be a result of other oral infections like a cyst, tumor, or lesion in the mouth.
•  Trauma: A hard blow to the jaw can also damage the bone resulting in bone loss.
•  Orthodontic Treatment: You may experience low bone density around the teeth that have been shifted. However, this type of bone loss is typically temporary and your jaw may regain its original strength once the orthodontic treatment is completed.

As for gum loss, the most common cause is periodontitis, as mentioned above. Gum may also deteriorate if infection from the teeth spreads to the gum or if trauma causes severe dental injury.

WhyYou Need to Have Your Jaw and Gums Treated?


Jaw and gum deterioration can lead to a number of health issues. These include:
•  Loss of Teeth: If your gum and jawbone are damaged, it can cause further dental issues for you, like loss of all your teeth.
•  Problems Wearing Dentures: If your gums are receding and your jawbone has shrunk, you will have difficulty in adjusting your dentures. They will have a loose fit and keep slipping from your mouth.
•  Collapsing Facial Structure: A firm jaw and healthy gums provide structure to your entire face. If the gum and jaws are damaged, your cheeks will collapse and your mouth will wrinkle inwards, making your face lose its aesthetics.
•  Dental Implant Failure: One of the most viable ways to replace missing teeth is through dental implants. However, if your jaw has low bone density, your dental implant will not get the proper support and will fail.

Treatment Options for Jawbone and Gum Resorption


Jawbone and gum resorption may be treated with the following options:
•  Gum Graft: This is a surgical process where soft tissue is taken from a healthy gum site or the roof of the mouth and sutured onto a site with weakened gums to regenerate new gum tissue.
•  Pocket Reduction Surgery: This surgery is performed when periodontal disease deepens the pockets between your gum and teeth, leading to gum recession. This surgery involves slicing open a section of a gum-like flap, cleaning the accumulated tartar from the tooth root inside, and then stitching the gums closed.
•  Bone Grafting: this procedure involves harvesting a grafting material from a donor and placing it on the site of the weakened bone, coupled with proteins that help in bone regeneration. The bone grafting material will fuse with the jawbone to create healthy and strong bone.

An unhealthy jawbone and gums can have long-lasting ramifications for your oral health. If you are concerned about your oral health, call us today at (509) 209-8537 to get an appointment with us.
This is the probably the best dentist that I have ever been to! The workers are so kind and understanding. They explain things to me in a way that I would understand. If you need a new dentist, this is the place to go!!!

Get in Touch!


PHONE
(509) 209-8537

EMAIL
serenitydentists@gmail.com

LOCATION
15701 East Sprague Ave. Suite F
Spokane Valley, WA 99037-5019



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